I was going to call this post “Extra tools and finishing timber” but I am working on more catchy titles and how they affect hits on the blog. This is my first attempt. May need some polish.
The extra tools needed in my last post were a mallet and chisel (bevel edge or mortice is fine). Chisels come in various widths to suit various cuts. Before you buy, buy a good combination oilstone and guide. Heres the thing, the chisels you buy will be cheap, as any first set should be. It means the handle may not take industrial use and the temper of the metal may not be great. The temper of the metal is a phrase used to indicate the metals hardness and britleness. Cheap metal can be made very hard, but it’s like glass. Most are somewhat soft. The best habit a woodworker can have is to sharpen the tools (mostly chisels) before starting the days work. The guide I mentioned is a wee tool that clips on to the chisel and puts it at the right angle for sharpening. The stone should have some lit. on how to use it. If not, don’t forget the oil. Put the oil on the rough side of the stone and sharpen the chisel (the guide should have rollers on the back so its easy to slide the chisel over the stone through the oil). Wipe down the stone and turn over to the smooth side. Put oil on the stone and hone the chisel as on the rough side. Before wiping down the stone look at the chisel edge. You might see that there is a foil curl of metal curling from the point down towords the back of the chisel. Put the flat back of the chisel on the stone and rub it over and back once or twice to remove the curl. Hope the lit. is with the stone – they should explain it somewhat better. Any questions – drop me a comment.
Oiling gives an ultra smooth finish while giving a glow to the colour and highlighting the grain. It has a matt finish but you can build up a wax polish over it if you want a polished finish. If you use nails then you need two things – a nail punch and filler. The nail punch is used to punch the nail below the surface of the timber. Place one end of the punch on the head of the nail and hit the other end with a hammer (ok, you need a hammer). Once the nail is below the surface, you can rub in some filler to smooth it over. There are various colours and various brands of fake filler but these have a problem (apart from being fake). The uv light makes natural timber darken, but it bleaches the filler so you end up with pale or white spots in your timber.
An easy way of avoiding this is making your own filler. Sand down a waste piece of the timber and mix the timber dust with pva glue. Just a little so its like cold porridge. Then rub it into the nail holes. The timber dust will colour at the same rate as the rest of the timber. I absolutely state here and now – honest titles from here on in.